On This Day In History—December 4

Year 1110

Syrian harbor city Saida (Sidon) surrendered to Crusaders.

Year 1197

Crusaders wounded Rabbi Elezar ben Judah.

Year 1489

Spanish army captured Baza from Moors in Battle of Baza.

Year 1534

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman, the Magnificent occupied Baghdad.

Year 1563

Council of Trent held last session—after 18 years.

Year 1619

38 colonists from Berkeley Parish, England disembarked in Virginia and gave thanks to God. This is also considered by many people the first Thanksgiving in the Americas.

Year 1644

First European peace congress opened in Munster.

Year 1655

Middelburg Neth was forbidden from building synagogue.

Year 1674

Father Marquette built first dwelling in Chicago.

Year 1676

A Danish army under the control of King Christian V of Denmark engaged the Swedish army commanded by Field Marshal Simon Grundel-Helmfelt in the Battle of Lund.

Year 1680

Hen in Rome laid an egg imprinted with comet not seen until Dec 16.

Year 1688

General John Churchill (later 1st Duke of Marlborough) changed allegiance from James II to William of Orange.

Year 1691

Emperor Leopold I took control of Transsylvania.

Year 1691

Spanish king Carlos II named Maximilian II viceroy of S Netherlands.

Year 1745

Bonnie Prince Charles reached Derby.

Year 1783

Gen Washington bid officers farewell at Fraunce’s Tavern, NYC.

Year 1791

Britain’s Observer, oldest Sunday newspaper in the world, was first published.

Year 1798

Rebellious Flemish farmers occupied Hasselt.

Year 1816

James Monroe (VA) was elected 5th president defeating Federalist Rufus King.

Year 1829

Britain outlawed “suttee” in India (widow burning herself to death on her husband’s funeral pyre).

Year 1832

French army had begun bombing citadel of Antwerp.

Year 1833

American Anti-Slavery Society was formed by Arthur Tappan in Philadelphia.

Year 1836

Whig party held its first national convention in Harrisburg, Pa.

Year 1844

James Knox Polk was elected as 11th US President.

Year 1863

Storm flood devastated Netherlands coastal provinces.

Year 1864

Battle of Waynesborough (Brier Creek) GA.

Year 1864

Romanian Jews were forbidden to practice law.

Year 1867

Former Minnesota farmer, Oliver Hudson Kelley, found the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as the Grange).

Year 1872

Ship the Mary Celeste was discovered mysteriously abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean.

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